From “Engaging Episodes: The Powerful Podcasting Series”, there were many helpful tips that will help make good podcast. The first chapter talked about the importance of the “invisible script.” It talked about the importance of letting the script flow. This can be done by writing like you talk. When you talk you don’t always use such proper English, and you almost always use contractions. A script is not like writing a paper but rather just speaking like you normally would.
You also want to let your personality flow in the podcast.
You want to engage the audience and be the real you. You can use your
personality to help make your story more powerful and relatable to audiences.
This is useful in hooking your audience and to keep them listening.
There are many tools in planning the podcast to help you be successful. Outline, write, edit, and continue to edit until you find what’s right. Mind-maps can also help get the ideas out and keep them organized. Rehearsing is also a big deal. Rehearsing allows you to practice reading aloud and can help you find things that sound odd spoken but appear okay written down. Reading aloud will help you rewrite and edit your script to make it sound more fluid and natural. You can also identify areas of your script where you may get caught up in your words, so you can add tips to help while you are reading in the future.
In Tom Schroeppel’s The Bare Bones Camera Course for Film and Video, we read about the importance of sound in productions and different tools and tricks to use in your productions.
To start things off, we read about what sound is and how it is produced and interpreted. Sounds are vibrations of the air around us, and our ears and microphones can tell the difference between these sounds based on a few characteristics of that sound wave. Some sound waves are very close together. This “closeness of the waves” is called frequency, how frequent are the waves hitting a certain point per unit time. The higher the frequency, the higher pitched the sound, the lower the frequency, the deeper the sound appears. The next characteristic we look at is how big or small the wave is, which is called amplitude. The larger the amplitude, the louder the sound is. The smaller the amplitude, the softer the sound is.
In our ears, we have an ear drum, also called tympanic membrane, that vibrates to the sound waves in the air and convert those waves to mechanical waves that travel through the bones of the ears. These haves will then reach the inner ear and vibrate a new membrane that will vibrate fluid in the ear that will activate specific cells and nerves depending on the sound waves characteristics. Microphones mimic this process in several ways. Microphones have a membrane, similar to the tympanic membrane in our ears, that vibrates when it senses sound waves. It then converts those waves into electrical signals that can be recorded or played aloud. Speakers work in opposite to microphones where the electrical signals work to vibrate a membrane that will produce sound waves to be played out of the speaker.
There are two pickup patterns for microphones. The first type is omnidirectional, where the microphone picks up sounds equally from all directions. The second type is directional. There are two different categories to directional pick up patters. The first is Cardioid. This pick up pattern appears to be heart shaped because the area of greatest sensitivity is directly in front of the microphone. The second is supercardioid. This microphone’s sensitivity is very narrow, so it needs to be directly at the source of sound. This allows sounds from the sides to hit “dead zones” of the microphone where there is no sensitivity.
There are 3 different microphones types that each utilize
these pick up patterns in different ways and can be useful in different situations.
Each microphone type has their pros and cons and it is important to plan
accordingly to determine which microphone to use. You have to think about what
sounds you want to pick up, what sounds you don’t, where you will be recording,
what actions you will need to be doing with the camera, and other factors.
When recording sound, it is important to take many takes. One tip they mentioned that I would have never thought of is to try and record voice recording at the same time of day if you record multiple days. This is because a person’s voice can change throughout the day and could make the audio sound like different people if recorded at different times.
Research to Inform
Below are 3 different podcasts I found and listened to that
I liked different aspects of.
In this podcast, I liked all the sound effects they had that helped you feel as though you were in the vehicle with them. I also liked how they would describe what they were seeing so clearly to help the listeners visualize their surroundings. In this podcast I feel like they did a good job switching between in the moment and narrating the story. This shifts in volume of the sound of the car driving and the music helped them switch between the two different audio types: in a vehicle and the narrator. They do this throughout the entire podcast and helps explain the content and purpose of their experience while also listening to their actual reactions in their environment.
I liked this podcast from the beginning. They had some
upbeat music right from the beginning to keep it light and fun, but the rest of
the podcast didn’t have much sound effects. Just the clear, crisp sound from
each cast member speaking. I think this podcast is a really fun just
conversational podcast where you have people talking back and forth about a
specific topic. For a conversation that long about one specific topic I’m sure
the cast has some bullet points of different points to hit throughout the
podcast but the entire podcast seems super natural. This podcast’s content was
about one of the friend’s proposals and actually played the audio from the cast
member’s proposal to his girlfriend that they recorded when it happened.
This podcast is about a 24 year-old male who has just started reading the Harry Potter novels after receiving disgusted looks from friends and peers for years because he never read the books as a child. In this podcast, his audio sounds very professional with little to no background noise at all. I think he does a really good job at letting his personality out which really brings to life his stories that he shares. He shares his experience in seeing the first harry potter movie as a child and how he just thought it was “meh” and just how obsessed all his friends were about it since they had read all the books.